Saturday, 8 June 2013

Part 15 - மஹாபாரதஸாரத்வாத் - Essence of Mahabharata - Vishnu Sahasranamam's Greatness - 1

Reason 1: மஹாபாரதஸாரத்வாத் - Essence of Mahabharata
Mahabaratham is the distilled content of the four vedam.  Mahabaratham is itself considered to be the 5th vedam.  “Vedathai kadainthal mahabaratham”.
Distilling Mahabaratham results in
-          Sri VishnuSahasranamam
-          Bhagavad Gita
Vishnu Sahasranam is considered the essence of Mahabaratha  and superior to Bhagavad Gita which explains the greatness of Srivishnnusahasranamam.
In Mahabaratham – Krishna first explains Arjuna that Karma yogam is better suited for Arjuna than Gyana Yogam.  Gyana Yogam is more difficult when compared to karma yogam.  But following karma yogam might be difficult and hence Krishna in the end advised Arjuna about “Complete surrender” , prapatti through the slogam
sarva-dharman parityajya
mam ekam saranam vraja
aham tvam sarva-papebhyo
moksayisyami ma sucah
Meaning – “Abandon all the dharma/religion and Surrender unto Me only I shall deliver you from all sinful reaction. Do not fear.”
To get the upadesam and to understand the meaning of the above sloka from his acharyan – Thirukkottiyur nambhi, Swami Ramanujar went 18 times to Thirukottiyur.  
Though this upayam seems very simple but for someone to get the attitude to Surrender completely to Krishna is very difficult.
Let’s see what Bheesma suggests in Vishnu Sahasranamam….
Out of the 6 questions asked by Yudhistra to Bheeshma the fifth question is “kO dharmah sarva dharmANaam bhavatah paramO matah?” meaning  “What is, in thy opinion, the greatest Dharma?” i.e. “By reciting which mantra will man be released from the bondage of the cycle of birth and death?” i.e.  “Neer arintha dharmangalileye yethu siranthathana dharmam”. 
Bheeshma answers by saying  "Chant the thousand names of Lord Krishna WITH DEVOTION. This does not require any effort other than the willingness to chant. This is the best way to get relief from all miseries, sorrows, and sins".
This upayam(path - Chanting Bhagawan nama) explained by Bheesma is much simpler than what is told by Krishna(complete surrender unto Krishna) in Bhagavad Gita. Because of this reason Vishnusahasranamam is considered greater than Bhagavad Gita. Hence Vishnusahasranamam is considered the essence of Mahabaratha as told in “மஹாபாரதஸாரத்வாத்”.


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