Saturday, 8 June 2013

Part 20 - கீதாத்யைகார்த்தஸ்ச ந: - Equivalent to Bhagavad Gita - Vishnu Sahasranamam's Greatness 6

Reason 6 கீதாத்யைகார்த்தஸ்ச : - Equivalent to Bhagavad Gita
Sri Vishnu Sahasranama chapter provides us with the same meanings as expounded in the other parts of Mahabharata, namely Bhagavad Geeta, Narayaneeya, Yaana sandhi, Agra pooja, Uttama anushaasana, et al. Even for this reason, the Sahasranama adhyaayam is to be considered as very sacred and sought by the wise men.

VishnuSahasranamam explains whatever Gita explains.
Tatvam, Hita, Purushartham – this is what explained in Gita.  As per Gita – The ultimate reality is Krishna. One need to seek Krishna’s feet, to attain the goal moksham in order to stay forever enjoying Krishna.
As per Gita,
  • Tatvam - Unmai porul – ultimate reality  - IS KRISHNA
  • Hita – Adaivikkira vazhi – Path to attain the ultimate truth – IS KRISHNA’s feet
  • Purushartham – Adainthu anubhavikara yethu  - IS NOT SEPARATING from KRISHNA- MOKSHAM
As per Gita,
  •    Tatvam – Reality Is Krishna – “Uthama purushatuva anyaya”
  •    Hita –Means is Complete surrender at Krishna’s feet -  “Mamegam saranam vraja”
  •    Purushartam – goal is moksham and not separate from Krishna – “Nithya yuktha ha yeka bhakthi hi”
As per VishnuSahasranamam
  •    Tatvam - Narayana paraha
  •    Hita – Means is Namasankeerthanam using VishnuSahasranamam – “Sthuvan nama sahasrena”
  •    Purushartham – Goal is Reciting vishnusahasranam and continuing to enjoy Bhagawan’s attribute – “ Swayam prayojanam ( reciting them is purushartham)”
Upayam(means)  to attain the goal(his lotus feet) is to say VishnuSahasranamam

Upadeyam, upadeya tharam, upadeyathamam – Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam is the best upadeyathamam.

Article from Internet
This has great significance in Visitaadvaita philosophy which recognises not one, but three realities.

'Tatva' means reality. According to the Visistaadvaita philosophy, there are three tatvas-One independent and two dependents. The independent tatva is the Almighty. The two dependent tatvas are chit (sentient-individual selves) and and achit (non-sentent, non-moving), within which broad categortes all others constituting the universe get classified as. We call the chit and achit as dependents because, they owe their existence to the independent tatva, namely, the Almighty. The Almighty itself is the material cause of both the chit and achit tatvas. They remain attached to the Almighty always. They are pervaded by the Almighty (Isa vaasyam). That is why Almighty is also known as Saariraka, one who has as His abode both the chit and the achit. This is directly described in the Bhagavatgeeta also in its Seventh Chapter, slokas four and five.

'Hita' is the means to the dependent entities that are conducive for them in attaining the ultimate Purushartha, the Almighty. A question may arise when the chit and achit are already dependent on the Almighty and are pervaded by Almighty, where does the question of attaining Almighty anew arise? What we mean, by attaining, is, to be free of the bondage of earthly life and get back to the natural state of bliss in the company of the Almighty, without having to undergo the mundane earthly life forever. The Hitha, in turn, are divided into three-knowledge of the tatvas as they really are, knowledge of the 'Saadanas' to get to the Ultimate Purushaartha (described below), knowledge of those which are obstacles to such Purushaartha.

Purushartha is the goal of the chits. There are four Purusharthas, three earthly and one non-earthly. The earthly three are dharma (charity), Artha (worldly wealths which is earned through dharma), kaama (worldly pleasures earned through worldly wealths). We are not concerned with the earthly objectives. The non-earthly goal is known as Moksha (eternal liberty from the bondage of earthly life), which is the Ultimate Purushaartha, about which only we are concerned.

It is very important for us to know of these for the simple reason of knowing about our goal and the means to achieve it, distancing away from the obstacles.


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