Monday, 1 July 2013

Part 25 : Question - By Vaisampayana

ஸ்ரீராமஜெயம்


Slogam 1
VAISAMPAYANA UVACHA
Shrutva dharma nasheshana pavanani cha sarvashah |
Yudhishthirah shantanavam punareva abhya-bhashata ||
"Sri vaiSampAyana said:"After hearing all froms of dharma capable of effecting complete purification, yudhishThira, still unsatisfied, questioned the son of Santanu as follows": 

Detailed Meaning
“Having heard fully about all purifying Dharmas in detail in the war field, Yudhishtira asked the glorious son of Shantanu – Bhishma Pitamaha – further”.

  • dharmAn – all the Dharmas that are of varied kinds, mentioned in the Vedas and Smrithis, which bestow upon the followers a multitude of auspicious spiritual and material benefits – such as the Raja Dharma (duties of the king), Moksha Dharma (duties to be observed by a seeker of salvation), Daana Dharma (duties of a donor), and many more
  • ashEShENa – in entirety, meaning – as much as needed
  • pAvanAni cha – along with purifying deeds such as penance, pilgrimage, worship, et al.
  • sarvashaH – in all respects; meaning – in terms of fruits, limbs, nature and authority of the prescribed actions
  • shRutvA – having heard
  • yudhiShThiraH – Yudhishtira, verily the son of Dharma (Yama dharmaraja)
  • shAMtanavam – unto Bhishma, the one with a high-class birth, born of Shantanu from Ganga
  • punarEva abhyabhAShata – asked again. The reason for asking again was to know from Bhishma about the Dharma that he held close to his heart as the highest of all. This can be known from the fact that he later asks Bhishma “which – of all Dharmas – do you think is the supreme?” (Reference: the next two verses in series). Also, Yudhisthira considered the fact that the wise men search and seek refuge of other learned men who are strongly rooted in the ancient good practices (sadaachaara). Being subservient to them, the seekers also engage in similar practices that are most liked by their preceptors – the learned people. In the process, the seekers also develop a taste for those good deeds and fruits. That is to say, the seekers do not engage in the most lofty deeds for the mere reason that it is stated in the scriptures, but because such deeds have been accepted and practiced by other learned men in the past.

Acharyan teaches a student not when he asks but till he refuses to listen. Naradarrukku Sanath kumar kuduthar. Arjunnukku Krishna told him everything though he asked very few questions. Similarly  Sage Vaishampayana told Mahabharatham to Janamejaya by kindling his interest.  Let’s see how this happened.

Vaisampayana and How did Mahabaratham spread in this world?
The epic was recited by Sage Vaisampayana to King Janamejaya at the command of Vedav Vyasa.

Mahabharatham composed by Sri Vyasa (Krishna Dvaipayana) was the grandfather of the heroes(Kauravas/Pandavas) of the epic. VedaVysar taught this epic to his son Suka and his disciples Vaisampayana and others. King Janamejaya, son of Parikshit, the grandson of the heroes(Kauravas/Pandavas) of the epic, performed a great sacrifice. The epic was recited by Sage Vaisampayana to King Janamejaya at the command of Vedav Vyasa. Later on, Suta recited the Mahabharata (as was done by Vaisampayana to Janamejaya) to Saunaka and others, during a sacrifice performed by Saunaka in Naimisaranya, which is near Sitapur in Uttar Pradesh.

Parikshit went hunting in the forest, the demon Kali, the embodiment of Kali Yuga, appeared before him and asked permission to enter his kingdom, which the king denied. Upon insisting, Parikshit allowed him five places to reside: where there is gambling, alcohol consumption, prostitution, animal slaughter and gold. Kali smartly entered into Parikshit's golden crown and spoiled his thoughts.Parikshit entered the hut of a sage named Samika as he was thirsty. He found the sage in deep meditation. He bowed to him several times but as there was no response he took a dead snake and threw it around the sage's neck. Later when the sage's son, Sringin, heard of this incident he cursed the king to die of snake bite on the 7th day. On hearing this, the king forswore the throne for his son Janamejaya.
Parikshit knew he had only seven days to live and so he decided to listen to stories about the Lord before he breathed his last. It is not given to many to know the appointed time of their death. If they did, they would worry about the impending death, rather than think about God. But Parikshit was cast in a different mould. When he knew he was going to die, he wanted to hear of nothing but the Lord. Parikshit  spent his last 7 days listening to the discourses of Sage Śuka dev, compiled as the Bhagavata Purana under the banyan tree of Shukratal. As prophesied, the snake king Takshaka bit Parikshit, who left his mortal remains behind and attained Moksha.

Janamejaya the son of Parikshit, performed a yaga to kill all snakes, because his father died due to the bite of the snake Takshaka. But Takshaka was saved by a sage called Astikva. This sage asked Janamejaya to stop the yaga, which had killed the snakes. Vaisampayana was a disciple of Vyasa, and he approached Janamejaya and told him that he wanted to tell him something. Janamejaya said that he had no time to listen. Vaisampayana said that it was the Mahabharata that he wished to narrate. Janamejaya still said he had no time. The sage asked if he could narrate a portion of the Mahabharata, but Janamejaya still refused to listen.

The sage said that Janamejaya was like the ten headed one who had no sense and also like the man with one head who had no sense. Janamejaya's curiosity was aroused and he asked who these two men were. The sage said that the ten headed one was Ravana and that the one headed senseless person was Duryodhana. Janamejaya wanted to know more about these two men and so Vaisampayana narrated their stories to him. Thus, although Janamejaya had been unwilling to listen, the sage cleverly kindled his curiosity and made him listen to the narrations.

Vysampayana wanted to teach Janamejaya all the moral values but the busy Janamejaya was not ready to hear 1 parvam or 1 chapter or even 1 sloka. The intelliget Vysampayana told "Vanabhangathilum Gokgrahanathilum vaibhavathai parthum dhuriyodhananaum dasanananum sandaiku sendrargale ariviligal "
"Dvaavimau purushau moodhau duryodhana dasaananau

Gograaham vanabhangam cha dhrishtvaa yuddham punah punah"
What is Vanabhangam ?- Ashoka Vanam Hanuman, What is Gokgrahanam ? - In Virata parva karnan/duryodanam when they went with the cows Arjun stopped and won them. Inspite of seeing Hanuman who was the messenger of Ram, Ravana decided to fight with Ram. Inspite of seeing the strength of Arujuna Gokgrahanam they wanted to fight. Then Janamejayan was curious and he asked "Who is Ravanan, Hanuman, Arjun, Duryodhana and their relationship..". As they say in tamil "Adiya pidida bharathabatta",  Then Vaisampayana used this oppurtunity and he started to say Mahabharatham from the first parva, till Swargaroganam. They were happy to listen Mahabharatha.
In the end Vaisampayana asked Janamejayan "among Dharma, artha, kamam, moksham which one do you think is the best dharmam. Dharmecha, arthecha, kamam... bharatha rishabha". Janamejayan replied that Shravanam is the best and he didn't want even moksha and all he wanted is to have Vaisampayana recite and him hearing it and there is nothing good for atma than Shravanam(hearing). He was not ready to hear 1.. but he sat and listen  to the entire slogam. The Lord's avataras have many lessons to offer us, if we pay attention to the morals they advocate.

Thus mahabaratham was spread across to everyone in this world and is about many great rishi's.
A person who was not even ready to listen one line wanted to keep on listening mahabaratham. This tells the greatness of the content – solla patta vishayathin perumai. Bhagawath vishayathai solla nakku oru karuvi avalavu than. Bhagawan krupainale sollaran.

Ippadi ondru vidama yella dharmathaiyum(Shruthi/smruthi la solli irukkum dharmam) kettan. 

ஸர்வம்ஸ்ரீகிருஷ்ணார்ப்பணம்

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