Sunday, 14 July 2013

Part 29 - Answers by Bheesma – Part 1

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Yudhisthira asked 6 questions to Bheesma. Yudhisthira s role was only  to ask the questions, though he was a tool used to ask the question, the answers are for the benefit of all of us.  

6 Questions by Yudhisthira

So the Six questions asked by Yudhistra in the above two slogams are as follows.
1)Kimekam daivatam loke = which is that one entity which is supreme and regarded as God? . Yethu oppu uyarvatra dhaivam ?
2)Kimvapekam paraayanam = which is the single final destination for us? Yethu oppu uyarvatrathana siranthathana ayanam i.e purushartham – adaiyathagunthathu ?
3)Sthuvantam kam = who is to be praised?. yaara stotram panna vendum ?   yaarai thozhugai/pujai(stuvanam) panna vendum. 
4)Kamarchanda prapnuyur manavasubham = who is to be worshiped to attain welfare? Yaara archanai panna vendum ?
5)Ko dharma sarva dharmanam bhavata paramo matha = though you [Bheeshma] have preached so many dharma, which is the one you follow and regard as supreme dharma ? Neer arintha dharmangalileye yethu siranthathana dharmam ?
6)Kim japan muchyate jantu janma samsara bhandanath = by chanting which or whom, every living being gets liberated from this samsaram [worldly life]? Yethai japam(Salambayana upayamaga kondu) seithu  perumalai adaiya vendum ?

Answer Sloga’s collection – Slogam 4 to 13

The 6 questions of Yudhistra  are answered by Bheesma in  the following sloga’s. 

Slogam 4 
Jagat-prabhum deva-devam anantam purusho-tamam |
Sthuva nnama-sahasrena purushah satatottitah ||
(Answer for question 6 on sAlambanOpAyam-  kim japam mucyatE jantur janma samsAra bandhanAth? )

Slogam 5
Tameva charcha-yannityam bhaktya purusha mavyayam |
Dhyayan stuvan nama-syamschha yajamanah thameva cha ||
(Answer for Question 4 on alagUpAya sAdhya siddhOpAya -  kam arcanat prApnuyuh mAnavaah subham? )

Slogam 6
Anadi-nidhanam vishnum sarvaloka mahe-shvaram |
Lokadhyaksham sthuva nnityam sarva-duhkhatigo bhavet ||
(Answer for Question 3 on lagUpAya sAdhya siddhOpAya-  stuvantam kam prApnuyuh mAnavah subham?  )

Slogam 7
Brahmanyam sarva-dharmagnam lokanam keerthi-vardhanam |
Lokanatham maha.-dbhootam sarvabhuta-bhavod-bhavam ||
(Answer for Question 3 on  alagUpAya sAdhya siddhOpAya - stuvantam kam prApnuyuh mAnavah subham?    )

Slogam 8
Esha me sarva-dharmanam dharmo-dhikatamo matah |
Yadbhaktya pundaree-kaksham stavairarche nara sada ||
(Answer for Question 5 on sAdhyOpAyam  - - kO dharmah sarva dharmANaam bhavatah paramO matah?     )

Slogam 9
Paramam yo maha-tejaha paramam yo maha-tapaha |
Paramam yo mahad-bramha paramam yah parayanam ||
(Answer for Question 2 on upEya - kim vaapyEkam parAyaNam? )

Slogam 10
Pavitranam pavitram yo mangalanam cha mangalam |
Daivatam devatanam cha bhootanam yovyayah pita ||
(First line is Answer for Question 2 on upEya - kim vaapyEkam parAyaNam? )
(Second line is Answer for Question 1 on Thatvam  - kimEkam dhaivatam lokE? )

Slogam 11
Yatah sarani bhutani bhavantyadi yugagame |
Yasminscha pralayam yanti punareva yugakshaye ||
(Answer for Question 1 on Thatvam  - kimEkam dhaivatam lokE? )

Slogam 12
Tasya loka pradhanasya jaganna-thasya bhupate |
Vishnor nama-sahasram me shrunu papa-bhayapaham ||
(Answer for Question 1 on Thatvam  - kimEkam dhaivatam lokE? )

Slogam 13 
Yani namani gounani vikhyatani mahatmanah |
Rishibhih parigeetani tani vakshyami bhootaye ||
(Slogam reiterating and explaining the greatness of the thirunamam of bhagawan)

Reason for the order of the answers

Bheesma answered in the following order - 6, 4, 3,5,2,1 and the reason for this order is as follows.
•First Bheesma answered the last 6th question on salambhanopayam. Bheesma’s most favourite question and his favourite is salambhanopayam so he answered that.
•Second he answered the 4th question on alagUpAya sAdhya siddhOpAya/சித்தோபாயம் ( yaarai archanai panna vendum) about bhakthi. Why 4th ? 5th is on SaadhyOpAyam, which is difficult so he went to SiddhOpAyam, (which is easy for human to understand) and answered the 4th question which is the second question of the siddhopayam and it is on alagUpAya sAdhya siddhOpAya.
•Third  he answered the 3rd question which is on lagUpAya sAdhya siddhOpAya. This is in continuation of answering the siddhOpAya question and this is the first question on siddhOpAya.
•fourth he answered the 5th questioin on Sadhyopayam which is little difficult. So he chose to answer the question on Sadhyopayam after anwering the two question on the siddhOpAya
•fifth he answered the  2nd question on upeyam, upEya (goal). Questions on purushartham( upeyam- ultimate goal
•Sixth answer was on the 1st  Question on thatvam  (ultimate reality)

One more reason why this order.. 
When questioning or understanding – first ask or tell about what you will get/achieve, then on how to get there. But while practising (anustanam) – follow things on how to get there first and then talk about what is the end fruit.

Story about a person who is trying to understand about Moksham and path to Moksham: 
He went to one Acharya who explained what he need to do/follow to get moksham without explaining moksham.  He got scared looking at the list of things to do. He didn’t even bother to understand what is moksham and he got worried on the path he need to take and things to follow. Then he went to another Acharya explained him about moksham and how it feels in vaikuntam. Understanding what is moksham.. made him more curious and he asked what he needs to do. This acharyan said the samething which the first acharyan said. So human’s wish is purushartham and the route is always next.But Here beeshma talks about the route first(upayam)


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