Sunday, 30 June 2013

Part 24 - Meditation & Dhyana Slogams

ஸ்ரீராமஜெயம்


Slogam 1
Om SuklAmbara-dharam vishNum SaSivarnam catur-bhujam
prasanna-vadanam dhyAyet sarva-vighnopaSAntaye.
"One should meditate upon vishNu Who is clad in white robes, Who has a moonlike lustre, Who has four arms and Who has a beneficient face inorder to eradicate all obstructions."

Slogam 2
yasya-Dvirada-vaktrAdhAH pArishadyAh paraS-Satam
vighnam nighnanti satatam vishvaksenam tam Asraye.
"gajAnan (the double-tusked elephant-faced nitya-sUri) and   hundreds of such sUris, who always remove all obstacles, form   the members of the corps of vishvaksena. I take resort to them. "

Slogam 3
Vyasam vasistha-naptaram shakteh poutrama-kalmasham |
Parasha-raatmajam vande shukatatam taponidhim ||
"VyAsa is the great-grandson of vasishta and the grand-son of Sakti. He is the son of parAsara and the father of Suka. I offer  my obeisance to that vyAsa who is free from all defects and is   a mine of austerities. "

Brahma, Vashitar, Sakthi, Parasara bhagawan, Vyasar, Sukacharyar is the family tree. Vyasar is Sukar’s father(thatham).  Vysar’s kulam is so great. He is the one who gave us the veda’s.  He is in the lineage of Vashista – Brahmathai nishtai petttravarana Vashistar, avar kulathuke vanakam.
Note : Sukar and Vysar
Sukacharyar - he is sukabrahmam. Once Sukar and his father vyasar happen to cross a water body and  the girls were having a bath. All the girls didn’t bother when Sukar crossed and when vysar crossed, they were all feeling shy. Then Vysar stopped and asked the girls on why they didn’t react when his son went while they reacted so when he crossed. The girls replied “Intha kelviyai neer ketteere unga pillai ketklai.. “. For sukar - sarvam brahmathmagam jagathu.. For him all our same – living, non living. Once vysar called Sukar. Sukar didn’t hear it and he went away. But the trees near replied “Hye Thatha”. Which means sukar thought the trees and him are same. So the trees responded when vysar called sukar.

Slogam 4
Vyasaya vishnuroopaya vyasaroopaya vishnave |
Namo vai brahmanidhaye vasisthaya namo namah ||
"My repeated salutations to vyAsa who is a form of vishNu and to  vishNu who is a form of vyAsa- sage vyAsa, who is a descendent of vasishta and who is a treasure of brahman, (i.e. vedas).  "

Vyasarrukku vanakkam, Vishnu roopamana Vysarukku vanakkam. Vishnuvukku vanakkam, vyasa roopanama Vishnuvukku vanakkam.  Avan SARIRE ivargal yellam SARIRAM, avan prakari ivargal yellam prakarangal. Both cannot stay without each other. Like how a father, mother are words which have a meaning only when qualified with whom. So if we say brahmam or paramatma then the question is “For whom is he paramatma?“ so there is a need for existence of world and jeevatma for whom he is the paramatma. Jeevatmavoda serthathuthan Paramatma.  Paramatma voda serthavan than Jeevatma. This does not mean Vysar and Vishnu are same. Ivargalai SARIRAMmagavum than(he) SARIREyagavum kondu irukiran bhagawan. This slogam explains the SARIRATMA BHAVAN. Ivan avanaga piranthan. Ivan avanai antharyamiyaga kondan.
Thirumazhisai Azhwar in Naanmukhan ThiruvanthAthi has declared the mutual relationship (anyOnya sambhandham) between the Lord and the Jeevan this way: "NaanUnnai anRi ilEnkaNDAy, NaaraNanE, Nee yennai anRi ilai". You do not exist without me (as your sarIram) and I do not have satthA (existence) without You as my sarIree (indweller). That sambhandham is celebrated here and RakshA is offered to that sambhandham.
Pasuram
inRAha nALayEyAha inicchiRithu
ninRAha ninnaruL yenpAlathE --nanRaaha
naan unnai anRi ilEn kaNdAi nAaraNanE
nee yennaianRi ilai

Note : After this comes the four slogam explained earlier in avatharikai and the 6+1 reasons for the greatness of VishnuSahasranamam.  Concludes by saying how Krishna himself sat and listen to HIS namas.

Slogam 5
Avikaraya shudhaya nithya paramathmane |
Sadaika roopa roopaya vishnave sarva gishnave ||
"My salutations to vishNu, Who is devoid of all mutations, Who is by nature pure and eternal, Who is endowed with a form which is uniform at all times, and Who is the victor all. "

Slogam 6
Yasya smarana-matrena janma-samsara bhandanat |
Vimuchyate namasta-smai vishnave prabha-vishnave ||
Om namo vishnave prabhavishnave

"My salutations to that superior diety vishNu, by a mere thought of Whose name all persons are freed from the bonds of samsara (birth and death).          Salutations to that All-powerful vishNu, Who is signified by pranava (i.e. Omkara).  "

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Saturday, 29 June 2013

Part 23 - Sections and Organization of Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam

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Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram as printed for chanting purposes consists of these sections:
  1. Meditation on Vishnu and Rishi’s (6 Slokas)
  2. A prolog, which gives the background on why the Stotram was imparted to the great and just Yudhishthira by Bhishma. This section contains the questions by Yudhistra and Bhisma’s answers to them.  (13 Slokas)
  3. Meditation on Vishnu continues ( 3 Slokas)
  4. Dhyana slogams ( 5 Slokas)
  5. The thousand names of Vishnu, organized in a poetic format in 107 stanzas, in the anushtup chandas, (a meter with 8 syllables in a quarter), with two quarters per line, and two lines per stanza.  (107 Slokas)
  6. The phala sruti, or a recounting of the benefits that can accrue by chanting the Stotram.  (22 Slokas)

VishNu SahasranAmam consists of 142 slokas (without meditation and Dhyana Slogams), excepting 13 slokas at the beginning and 22 at the end, the remaining 107 slokas contain the thousand names of God.

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Friday, 28 June 2013

Part 22 - Bhagavad Guna Darpanam - Avatharikai

ஸ்ரீராமஜெயம்

The slogam's in the avatharikai section of Bhagavad Guna arpanam are as follows. The meaning for some of the Slogam's has  been taken from Antaryami.net web site.

  1. Slogam on Sri Parasara Bhattar
श्री पराशरभट्टार्यः श्रीरङ्गॆशपुरॊहितः श्रीवत्साङ्कसुतः श्रीमान् श्रॆयसॆ मॆsस्तु भूयसॆ

May Sri Parasara Bhattar – the priest of Sriranganatha and the glorious son of Sri Koorattazhwan (Srivatsanka) – confer upon me all auspiciousness in abundance.
  1. Acharya Bhagavad Vandanam by Sri Parasara Bhattar Slogam on guruparamparai in BGD
वन्दॆ गॊविन्दतातौ मुनिमथ मनवै लक्ष्मणार्यं महान्तम् ध्यायॆयं यामुनार्यं ममहृदि तनवै राममॆवाभियामम् पद्माक्षं प्रॆक्षिशीय प्रथममपि मुनिं नाथमीढॆ शठारिम् स्तौमि प्रॆक्षॆय लक्ष्मीं शरणमशरणः श्रीधरं संश्रयॆयम्

I salute to Govinda (Embar) and my father (Koorattazhwan), and meditate upon Lakshmana muni (Ramanujacharyar) and Mahapurna (Periya nambigal). I meditate upon Yamunacharya (Alavandar), and fill my heart with Ramamishra (Manakkal nambigal). May I see Pundarikaksha (Uyyakkondar), also along with the first preceptor Nathamuni (Sriranganathamunigal) – to whom I prostrate. I pray to Shathari (Nammazhwar). May I see Lakshmi (Periya pirattiyar). May I – with no other refuge – surrender to Sridhara (Periya perumal).
3.       Next slogam on vishwaksenar by Sri Parasara Bhattar

ऒम् नमॊ गजवक्त्राद्यैः पारिषद्यैः प्रशासतॆ
श्रीरङ्गराजसॆनान्यॆ सूत्रवत्या समॆयुषॆI

I first salute to Vishwaksenar – the consort of Sutravati and the commander-in-chief of Srirangaraja, who rules us with many followers including the elephant faced.
Vishwaksenar has all the rights including the responsibility of changing brahma after a kalpam.  In vishwaksenar’s senapathi there is  a person called gajamugan and this is not vinayagan and the reference in this slogam is to someone who has elephant’s face who is part of Vishwaksenar’s trooups.
Note: Description on Pavai nombhu of andal, kathyayani, kama devan are explained here in the upanyasam.  Bhagavad sheshathvam is only acceptable and anya sheshathvam is unacceptable.  For the sake of reaching Krishna they all have done many acts which look like anya sheshathvam. Even azhwar does many things to attain Krishna.  Azhwar Pannathunda – yes, ava pannathu seriya – yes, nam pannalama ? – NO.  They have a agyana that there is something beyond Krishna is gynam, gynam kalantha bhakthi, bhakthi muthina agyanam. We are doing this anya sheshathvam due to agyana. We are in the kevala agyana. But for them it is bhathi nala vantha agyanam.  One more example is “Ekantham sekarthu” (tieing the thread) before porapadu.  Eg. Sandhyavandam – (Suryan/Varunan )Evanukku antaryamiya irukkura bhagawannuku vanakam. Anya Seshathvathvam  illama irunthal bagavath Seshathvathvam  acharya krupai nala kedaikum.

4.       Next slogam on Vysar by Sri Parasara Bhattar

नमॊ नारायणायॆदं कृष्णद्वैपायनात्मनॆ
यदामुष्यायणा वॆदा महाभारतपञ्चमाः
I salute to Krishna dvaipayana (Vyasa), who is Narayana himself, and who divided the Vedas into four and also graced us with the fifth Veda called Mahabharata.

Let’s not get confused with these names.
Krishna - Vishnu himself
Krishna Dvaipayana – Veda Vysar
Krishna Krishna tatvam - Nammazhwar

5.       Next slogam requesting Srirangam

जातॊ लक्ष्मणमिश्रसंश्रयधनात् श्रीवत्सचिह्नादृषॆः
भूयॊ भट्टपराशरॆति फणितः श्रीरङ्गभर्ता स्वयम्
श्री श्रीरङ्गपतिप्रसादतृषया श्रीरङ्गनाथाह्वयः
श्रीरङ्गॆश्वरकारितॊ विवृणुतॆ नाम्नां सहस्रं हरॆः

I, Sriranganatha by name, the son of Srivatsachihnar (Koorattazhwan) – who considered the shelter of Sri Ramanuja as the biggest wealth, later rechristened as Parasara Bhattar by Sriranganatha Himself, have sought to elaborate on the thousand names of the Lord Sriranganatha in pursuit of the His grace, having been inspired by Himself.
Rangeswaran anugrahathale,  Rangeswaran anugraham kidaikka padinen.
We are not singing HIS names. HE is making us sing HIS  name. Just give me the credit of singing says Parasara battar.  Like how we can ask our parents we have all rights to ask anything to GOD – We can ask him to take the ownership of us and make us do all the good things like singing his. The only pre-requiste for us to ask anything to him is to first accept that we are HIS children. Prapannan needs to behave the same manner with GOD  just like how a child behaves to his mother. Even when a mother beats the child, child still goes to the mother and cools down. Similarly, irrespective many troubles GOD is our ultimate refuge.

  1. Next slogam
संसारॊsयमपण्डितॊ भगवति प्रागॆव भूयः कलौ
पूर्णं मन्यतमॆ जनॆ श्रुतिशिरॊगुह्यं ब्रुवॆ साहसात्
तत्र स्तॊत्रमिदं प्रकाशयति यः स्तुत्यश्च यस्तावुभौ
व्यासः कारुणिकॊ हरिश्च तदिदं मौर्ख्यं सहॆतां मम

This samsara (creation) is full of people unlearned about the supreme self, more so in this age of Kali. I have sought to an adventurous deed of elaborating the thousand names of the Lord to people who are full of arrogance, who think they know the secrets of Vedas and Upanishads in completeness. May Vyasa maharshi – who gave us this stotra of Sri Vishnu sahasranama, and Sri Vishnu Himself – who is the subject of this stotra, tolerate this stupidity of mine.

  1. Next slogam
अर्थॆ हरौ तदभिदायिनि नामवर्गॆ
तद्व्यञ्जकॆ मयि च बन्धविशॆषमॆत्य
सॆवध्वमॆतदमृतं प्रणिपत्य याचॆ
मध्यस्थमत्सरिजना इह मा च भूवन्


I prostrate and pray to you with folded palms please believe firmly in Srihari as also in the thousand names that connote Him, as well as in me. Please drink in this elixir of “Sri Vishnu Sahasranama” (in order to be released from the clutches of samsara). May there not be any mediocre people with hatred (lest they prevent others from enjoying the bliss of the thousand names).

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Saturday, 8 June 2013

Part 21 - Krishna’s presence and acknowledgement - Vishnu Sahasranamam's Greatness 7

ஸ்ரீராமஜெயம்
Seventh reason is "Krishna was present and he listen to it and acknowledged the content  by nodding his head" ,  "Krishnar thane kettathu, kannan  thane amarundhu thiru sevi sathithan".
Mahabaratham is referred as the 5th Vedam. When Mahabaratham is distilled, one gets the two great sections -  Bhagavad Gita and Vishnu Sahasranamam.


Mahabaratham – Kannan Sonnathu (told)
Vishnu Sahasranamam – Kannan Kettathu(listen)
Mahabaratham – Kannan thane pesinathu(said)
Vishnu Sahasranamam – Kannanai pathi pesinathu ( said about Kannan)
Mahabaratham – Kannan upadesam seithan (Adviced by kannan)
Vishnu Sahasranamam – Kannanai thannai pathina upadesathai kettan(advice about kannan).

In Ramayana, Ram prasied Hanuman’s speaking skills to Lakshmana.  Raman is a man of few words. So Bhagawan did not have the opportunity to talk in Ramavathram and HE was waiting for an oppurtunity.  He full filled his wish in his next avatharam – Krishna avatharam.
In Krishna avatharam, Arjun was confused in the Kurukshetra war field and Krishna advised which is “Bhagavad Gita”.  The crux of Bhagavad gita is “Krishna advises arjun to follow karma yogam and completely surrender to Krishna ”.  Inspite of Krishna advising so much to Arjuna, Arjuna in the end didn’t surrender to Krishna as told in Gita. So Krishnar wasn’t happy since he could not convince  Arjuna to follow his advise as told in Bhagavad Gita. So Krishna decided that instead of him advising, he decided to listen to other’s advice.  Apriyathoda Krishna finished Gita that inspite of telling so much even Arjuna didn't surrender. Though Arjuna didn’t surrender, Bhagavad Gita is  useful for all others. Arjuna is just like a calf which is used to milk (Bhagavad Gita) the cow (Krishna). Krishnar decided - Sollarathai vida, solli ketkarthe uchitham.
So when compared with Bhagavad Gita which was told by Kannan, Vishnu sahasranam has more greatness since Krishna was present when BHeesma told Vishnu Sahasranamam to Pandavas and he nodded his head accepting and acknowledging whatever Bheesma said.

More explanation on “Krishna how and where did he hear Vishnu sahasranamam “. Thane Bhagawanana Kannan, Gunangaloda koodina kannan otkarthundu(sat)  kettan. Mela solla pora than(HIS) Gunangalai ketka vanthan Kannan. Sarveshwaranana Kannan amarthu kettan. (even if it is bhagawan HE has to sit and listen elders..) The Gita sonna kannan ottkarthu kettan. Arjunnukku mattum acharyan illai.. yellarukkum prathamacharyan kannan, avane kettan. Yaru sonnalum amarnthu ketkanum nambha sambradayathula.  Avan varthaiyai avan ugakiran – even if it is spelt wrong if the bhavam is good then fine. 
Same is also explained in Thondaradipodi azhwar’s last pasuram [TBD – add pasuram here]
Apozthu alarantha Thamarai kannan amarthu ketten – blossomed lotus since he was happy on hearing what bheesma was saying. Like how we say in tamil “Kuzhal inidhu yaz inidhu than mazhalai sol ketkathavar”, Similarly Krishnan likes whatever his kids(WE) say. His face blossoms on hearing the words said by his kuzhanthai(children).  He was in the hearing ghosti. He once told arjun to learn from acharyan. He is following that by listening from Bheesma.  While listeneing he noded his head to approve what  bheesma said. Avanai pathina varthai Vishnu sahasranamam. Vishnu sahasranamam are great words about Lord Sriman Narayanan.


The above reasons given to illustrate the importance of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram become all the more obvious when we recount the personalities involved in the events that resulted in the stotram. It was no ordinary person's advice that was sought. No ordinary person was seeking the advice, and at no ordinary person's urging was the advice being sought. Bhishma was the son of the Mother Ganga and a person sanctified by his unswerving devotion to Lord Krishna, and one who had controlled and conquered all his senses. Yudhishthira was the son of Dharma, and himself a practitioner of justice, righteousness, truth, honesty and integrity. Vyasa was the knower of all vedas. Lord Krishna was a witness to the whole event involving the advice and revelation of the easiest and best means to achieve happiness and peace of mind, given by Bhishma to Yudhishthira. As we know, the advice is in the form of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram. No other justification is needed to recognize the greatness of the education that is imparted to the human race through the medium of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram by Vyasa and Bhishma.

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Part 20 - கீதாத்யைகார்த்தஸ்ச ந: - Equivalent to Bhagavad Gita - Vishnu Sahasranamam's Greatness 6

ஸ்ரீராமஜெயம்
Reason 6 கீதாத்யைகார்த்தஸ்ச : - Equivalent to Bhagavad Gita
Sri Vishnu Sahasranama chapter provides us with the same meanings as expounded in the other parts of Mahabharata, namely Bhagavad Geeta, Narayaneeya, Yaana sandhi, Agra pooja, Uttama anushaasana, et al. Even for this reason, the Sahasranama adhyaayam is to be considered as very sacred and sought by the wise men.

VishnuSahasranamam explains whatever Gita explains.
Tatvam, Hita, Purushartham – this is what explained in Gita.  As per Gita – The ultimate reality is Krishna. One need to seek Krishna’s feet, to attain the goal moksham in order to stay forever enjoying Krishna.
As per Gita,
  • Tatvam - Unmai porul – ultimate reality  - IS KRISHNA
  • Hita – Adaivikkira vazhi – Path to attain the ultimate truth – IS KRISHNA’s feet
  • Purushartham – Adainthu anubhavikara yethu  - IS NOT SEPARATING from KRISHNA- MOKSHAM
As per Gita,
  •    Tatvam – Reality Is Krishna – “Uthama purushatuva anyaya”
  •    Hita –Means is Complete surrender at Krishna’s feet -  “Mamegam saranam vraja”
  •    Purushartam – goal is moksham and not separate from Krishna – “Nithya yuktha ha yeka bhakthi hi”
As per VishnuSahasranamam
  •    Tatvam - Narayana paraha
  •    Hita – Means is Namasankeerthanam using VishnuSahasranamam – “Sthuvan nama sahasrena”
  •    Purushartham – Goal is Reciting vishnusahasranam and continuing to enjoy Bhagawan’s attribute – “ Swayam prayojanam ( reciting them is purushartham)”
Upayam(means)  to attain the goal(his lotus feet) is to say VishnuSahasranamam

Upadeyam, upadeya tharam, upadeyathamam – Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam is the best upadeyathamam.

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Article from Internet
This has great significance in Visitaadvaita philosophy which recognises not one, but three realities.

'Tatva' means reality. According to the Visistaadvaita philosophy, there are three tatvas-One independent and two dependents. The independent tatva is the Almighty. The two dependent tatvas are chit (sentient-individual selves) and and achit (non-sentent, non-moving), within which broad categortes all others constituting the universe get classified as. We call the chit and achit as dependents because, they owe their existence to the independent tatva, namely, the Almighty. The Almighty itself is the material cause of both the chit and achit tatvas. They remain attached to the Almighty always. They are pervaded by the Almighty (Isa vaasyam). That is why Almighty is also known as Saariraka, one who has as His abode both the chit and the achit. This is directly described in the Bhagavatgeeta also in its Seventh Chapter, slokas four and five.

'Hita' is the means to the dependent entities that are conducive for them in attaining the ultimate Purushartha, the Almighty. A question may arise when the chit and achit are already dependent on the Almighty and are pervaded by Almighty, where does the question of attaining Almighty anew arise? What we mean, by attaining, is, to be free of the bondage of earthly life and get back to the natural state of bliss in the company of the Almighty, without having to undergo the mundane earthly life forever. The Hitha, in turn, are divided into three-knowledge of the tatvas as they really are, knowledge of the 'Saadanas' to get to the Ultimate Purushaartha (described below), knowledge of those which are obstacles to such Purushaartha.

Purushartha is the goal of the chits. There are four Purusharthas, three earthly and one non-earthly. The earthly three are dharma (charity), Artha (worldly wealths which is earned through dharma), kaama (worldly pleasures earned through worldly wealths). We are not concerned with the earthly objectives. The non-earthly goal is known as Moksha (eternal liberty from the bondage of earthly life), which is the Ultimate Purushaartha, about which only we are concerned.

It is very important for us to know of these for the simple reason of knowing about our goal and the means to achieve it, distancing away from the obstacles.


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Part 19 - பரிக்ரஹாதிசயதோ - Upheld by Shastras & Elders - Vishnu Sahasranamam's Greatness 4

ஸ்ரீராமஜெயம்
Reason 5 பரிக்ரஹாதிசயதோ  - Upheld by Shastras & Elders 
Widely accepted over generation and recommended by elders.
Emperuman has 1000 names. This has been told in many places in our scriptures.
- In Mahabarat’s Sabaparvath – “Devo Namasahasravan” explaining  that Bhagawan has 1000 names.
- In the Gajendra moksham – “Bhagawan 1000 subhamana thirunamangalai udaiyavan, Piravi illatha Adidevan Sarvaswami”
-  The introductory and phala shruthi verses of SriVishnu Sahasranamam explains its greatness too
-  Ayur Veda the great Vaidhya Sastram explains the greatness of Vishnu Sahasranamam.
-  The 1000 names of Vishnu in Vishnusahasranamam is a great cure for diseases, fever which is explained in the Charaka Samhita. Verse which explains this is – “Vishnum Sahasramoorthanam Sarasarapathim Visham suthvan nama sahasrena Juvaran sarvan vypohathi”
-  Modern reasearchers have also explained the great impact of Sahasranamam.
-  Meham, ShayaRogam, Juvara Visheshangal  are curable through Purusha Suktham and Vishnu Sahasranamam.
-  In the kavya’s homam with Sahasranama parayanam with Vayu suktham has been suggested.
-  Those who perform sahasra bhojanam, as a prayaschittam [repentance] and wherein thousand brahmins would be fed, each one of them has to be nominated by one nama of SriVishnuSahasranamam
-  Kadambari is considered as a very excellent literary work of Bhana Bhatta in Sanskrit . He  talks about parayanam of Narayana Sahasranamam in the labour room.
-  Today Sahasranama parayanam is suggested  for poison, pisasam, diseases, GrahaPeedai, Bad dreams, Bad omen
-  Sahasranamam parayanam is suggested both for this world’s pleasure and also path to attain moksham.
-  Sahasranamam parayanam can be done by everyone including women and irrespective of varna. The rules that are laid to learn Veda’s does not exist to learn Vishnu sahasranamam.


All the above reasons adds to the greatness of VishnuSahasranamam and has been widely suggested and accepted by our elders over generations.

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Part 18 - பீஷ்மோத்க்ருஷ்டமதத்வத்: - Glorified by Bhishma - Vishnu Sahasranamam's Greatness 3

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Reason 4 - பீஷ்மோத்க்ருஷ்டமதத்வத்: - Glorified by Bhishma


Vishnu Sahasranamam is opinion of great Bheeshma himself . Kannan says to pandavas if bheeshmacharya leaves this world, knowledge which he has will be lost. So he urges pandavas to learn from bheeshmacharya while he was in the arrow bed(Sara Kalpam). Bheeshmaacharya was so weak but Krishna ‘s presence and blessings gave him all the strength to utter the 1000 names. Bheeshmar himself says that due to your blessings Krishna, now I will tell the great names of you – “Ne kudutha vaibhavam unnai patthi solla poren”

Similar story in Embar/Udaiyavar – Embar once accepted all the praise about him and when questioned by udaiyavar he said yes I accepted it since if I had not accepted the it will prove that my Acharya is not capable to give me all that.. “Umma Thiruvadi balathale/vaibhavathale intha  perumai yellam petrom”. 

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Part 17 - வேதாசார்யஸமாஹாராத் - Compiled by Vyasa - Vishnu Sahasranamam's Greatness 3

ஸ்ரீராமஜெயம்
Reason 3 – வேதாசார்யஸமாஹாராத் -  Compiled by Vyasa
Vysar segregated the veda's into 4 groups. He took all the names of Vishnu as told by Bheesma and made a beautiful garland. Azhagaga Anbodu sarthappata/korkapatta thirunamam.

The rule is – Always praise guru in front of him, praise friends/relatives after they move from that place , Praise servants after they finish work, but never praise your child. But Prasara bhagawan praised his son Vysar to Mythreya saying “In this world except my son no one is there to sing Mahabaratham” – Vyasar had so much knowledge.
“Vyasam Narayanan ………..”

The family tree from Brahma till Sukarcharya is in the following order and the great rich family heritage explains how great is Vyasar.
Brahma,
Vashitar,
Sakthi,
Parasara bhagawan(Author of Vishnu Puranam),
Vyasar,
Sukacharyar.

Sage Vashistar
Vashistar a great rajarishi of Ram’s Ishvagu kulam. It was really tough for anyone to get ceritified from Vashistar as brahma rishi. – “Vashistar vayal brahma Rishi”.  Vishwamitra wanted  Vashistar to certify him as brahmaRishi inorder to prove his skills and capabilities.
Vashistar was such a honoured and skilled Rishi with so much knowledge.
Note - There are three types of rishis, brahmarishis, devarishis and rajarishis.

Sage Parasarar – Vysar’s Father
Sakthi was killed by a Rakshas. Sakthi’s son Parasara went to kill all rakshas and the destroy the rakshasha jathi.  Parasarar’s grandfather, Vashitar advised him not to kill the rakshasas. Since Parasara listened to that advise of his grandfather, the grandfather blessed his grandson saying “Parasarurkku sakala gyanamum undagatum” . Because of this Parasarar got all the gyana.  Kulathiyar one of the elderly rakshas also blessed Parasarar with knowledge since Parasarar spared rakshasa kulam. So parasarar got so much knowledge due to blessings from his grandfather Vashista and Kulathiyar.  Later Parasarar wrote Vishnu puranam.

Sage Sukar – Vysar’s Son
Also Vysar’s next generation, his son is Sage Sukacharyar who is also a great person. and the main narrator of the Bhagavata Purana. Most of the Bhagavata Purana consists of Shuka reciting the story to the dying king Parikshit. Shuka is depicted as a sannyasin, renouncing the world in pursuit of moksha (liberation), which most narratives assert that he achieved. Stories recount how Shuka surpassed his father in spiritual attainment. Once, when following his son, Vyasa encountered a group of celestial nymphs who were bathing. Shuka's purity was such that the nymphs did not consider him to be a distraction, even though he was naked, but covered themselves when faced with his father. Shuka is sometimes portrayed as wandering about naked, due to his complete lack of self-consciousness.

Vyasar (Krishna Dvaipayana)
Vyasar - Veda vyasar is vishnu’s incarnation.  He compiled the four veda’s and the brahma sutras. Vyasar also known as “Krishna Dvaipayana”.
vyasaya vishnu rupaya vyasa rupaya vishnave namo...
Inspite of his rich family heritage, Vyasar he himself was a great sage who compiled the vedas, wrote Mahabarata and BrahmaSutra which brings in greatness for VishnuSahasranamam too.

About Vedav Vyasa
He is the son of Satyavati, daughter of a ferryman or fisherman, and the wandering sage Parashara. He was born on an island in the river Yamuna. The place is named after him as Vedvyas, possibly the modern-day town of Kalpi in the Jalaun district of Uttar Pradesh. He was dark-complexioned and hence may be called by the name Krishna (black), and also the name Dwaipayana, meaning 'island-born'.
His mother later married Santanu the king of Hastinapura, and had two sons – chitrangada and Vichitravirya. Both sons died without issue and hence their mother asked Vyasa to go to the beds of the wives of her dead son Vichitravirya.
Following his mother Satyavathi’s words and for Vamsavruthi he agreed to meet Ambika and Ambalika and also laid a rule that he would be dressed with Dur vasanai.  Vyasa told them that they should come alone near him. First did Ambika, but because of shyness and fear she closed her eyes. Vyasa told Satyavati that this child would be blind. Later this child was named Dhritarāshtra. Thus Satyavati sent Ambālika and warned her that she should remain calm. But Ambālika's face became pale because of fear. Vyasa told her that child would suffer from anaemia, and he would not be fit enough to rule the kingdom. Later this child was known as Pāndu. Then Vyasa told Satyavati to send one of them again so that a healthy child can be born. This time Ambika and Ambālika sent a maid in the place of themselves. The maid was quite calm and composed, and she got a healthy child later named as Vidura. While these are his sons, another son Śuka, born of his wife, sage Jābāli's daughter Pinjalā (Vatikā), is considered his true spiritual heir

Article on Vedav Vyasa  -  from the site( http://www.wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/the-vishnu-purana/d/doc57601.html and wikipedia) as from Vishnu Puranam
In each age, Vishnu in his form of Vedav Vyasa, divided the Vedas. In every dvapara yuga, this is done.
in order to promote the good of mankind, divides the Veda, which is properly but one, into many portions. Observing the limited perseverance, energy, and application of mortals, he makes the Veda fourfold, to adapt it to their capacities; and the bodily form which he assumes, in order to effect that classification, is known by the name of Veda-vyasa
The present manvantara is the Vaivasvata manvantara and in this manvantara, the Vedas have already been divided twenty-eight times. The names of these twenty-eight Vedavyases were Svayambhu, Prajapati, Ushana, Brihaspati, Savita, Mrityu, Indra, Vashishtha, Sarasvata, Tridhama, Trivrisha, Bharadvaja, Antariksha, Vapri, Trayaruna, Dhananjaya, Kritanjaya, Rinajya, Bharadvaja, Goutama, Haryatma, Vena, Trinavindu, Riksha, Shaktri, Parashara, Jatukarna and Krishna Dvaipayana. The Vishnu Purana says that the next Vedavyasa will be Drona’s son Ashvatthama. As you may know from the Mahabharata, Ashvatthama is immortal.
The essence of brahman and the four Vedas is captured in the word Om. Brahman is everywhere, but appears to different people in different forms.
The four Vedas, Rig, Yajur, Sama, and Atharva, together have one lakh shlokas. It is from the Vedas that the ten famous sacrifices (yajnas) originate. When Krishna Dvaipayana Vedavyasa sought to divide the four Vedas, he first gathered around him four disciples who were learned in the Vedas. Paila was taught the Rig Veda, Vaisham-payana the Yajur Veda, Jaimini the Sama Veda and Sumantu the Atharva Veda. Krishna Dvaipayana taught the Puranas to his discipline Romaharshana.

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Part 16 - ரிஷிபி: பரிகாநத: - Sung by Sages - Vishnu Sahasranamam's Greatness 2

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Reason 2: ரிஷிபி: பரிகாநத:  - Sung by Sages
So many Rishi’s have contributed to these slogam. The four Manasputras(mind-born-sons) of Brahma are Sanaka, Sanatana, and Sanandana and Sanatkumara and Narada have contributed to these names part of the SrivishnuSahasranamam.
Rishi’s - Sanakar,Sanantanar, Sanat kumarar, Sanandakar and Naradar who are Brahma's 4 son went around telling vishnu's name. Actually Brahma created the 4 son’s to help him in his creation. But his son’s didn’t want to get into that task and they wanted to travel around the world with bhagavad dyanam. They are considered to be superioir than Brahma in Bhagavad Bahkthi and they followed “Vasudeva Parayanaha”  -  resulted in singing numerous bhagawan namam.  During there travel they had sung all these names of Bhagawan.  There are three types of Bhavanai
Brahma bhavanai - just bhaghawan e.g Azhwar
Karma bhavanai - just work e.g human
Ubaya bhavanai - both e.g Brahma
Brahma’s 4 son decided not to get into karma or ubaya bhavanai and they were singing bhagawan namam and went around in Brahma Bhavanai discovering all these names of Vishnu.

As per the Slokam “Janaanaam sheenapaapaanam krishna bhakthi prajayathe” meaning  all the papam accumulated over 1000 1000 janma’s are shattered due to Bhagavad anugraham and this leads to Bhakthi toward him.

Prahaladan prays to Lord Narasimha saying “How much ever people(who does not have vivegam)  have interests towards the wordly pleasures, I request you to bless with the anugraham of having that much Preethi/Bhakthi towards you”.

Naradar’s mom used to be a servant and they have lived a difficult life. Naradar lost his mother at a very young age of 8 .  He wasn’t sad and instead happy since the hinderance for his bhagavad bajanam is removed.  Naradar can’t stand in one place due to a sapam.  He was upset that he could not stand even to worship Sriman Narayanan. Hence, he went to Bhagawan and cried to him saying “Krishna , please bless me to stay next to you and worship you”. Krishna blessed him and Naradar got Krishna’s anugraham.
Such a great person Naradar had also contributed to various names of Bhagawan which are also part of Srivishnusahasranam.

Bhagawan accepts a name which we bhaktas also give him. The bhakthi bhavanai (attitude) is more important and Bhagawan heads to however we call him too.

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Part 15 - மஹாபாரதஸாரத்வாத் - Essence of Mahabharata - Vishnu Sahasranamam's Greatness - 1

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Reason 1: மஹாபாரதஸாரத்வாத் - Essence of Mahabharata
Mahabaratham is the distilled content of the four vedam.  Mahabaratham is itself considered to be the 5th vedam.  “Vedathai kadainthal mahabaratham”.
Distilling Mahabaratham results in
-          Sri VishnuSahasranamam
-          Bhagavad Gita
Vishnu Sahasranam is considered the essence of Mahabaratha  and superior to Bhagavad Gita which explains the greatness of Srivishnnusahasranamam.
In Mahabaratham – Krishna first explains Arjuna that Karma yogam is better suited for Arjuna than Gyana Yogam.  Gyana Yogam is more difficult when compared to karma yogam.  But following karma yogam might be difficult and hence Krishna in the end advised Arjuna about “Complete surrender” , prapatti through the slogam
sarva-dharman parityajya
mam ekam saranam vraja
aham tvam sarva-papebhyo
moksayisyami ma sucah
Meaning – “Abandon all the dharma/religion and Surrender unto Me only I shall deliver you from all sinful reaction. Do not fear.”
To get the upadesam and to understand the meaning of the above sloka from his acharyan – Thirukkottiyur nambhi, Swami Ramanujar went 18 times to Thirukottiyur.  
Though this upayam seems very simple but for someone to get the attitude to Surrender completely to Krishna is very difficult.
Let’s see what Bheesma suggests in Vishnu Sahasranamam….
Out of the 6 questions asked by Yudhistra to Bheeshma the fifth question is “kO dharmah sarva dharmANaam bhavatah paramO matah?” meaning  “What is, in thy opinion, the greatest Dharma?” i.e. “By reciting which mantra will man be released from the bondage of the cycle of birth and death?” i.e.  “Neer arintha dharmangalileye yethu siranthathana dharmam”. 
Bheeshma answers by saying  "Chant the thousand names of Lord Krishna WITH DEVOTION. This does not require any effort other than the willingness to chant. This is the best way to get relief from all miseries, sorrows, and sins".
This upayam(path - Chanting Bhagawan nama) explained by Bheesma is much simpler than what is told by Krishna(complete surrender unto Krishna) in Bhagavad Gita. Because of this reason Vishnusahasranamam is considered greater than Bhagavad Gita. Hence Vishnusahasranamam is considered the essence of Mahabaratha as told in “மஹாபாரதஸாரத்வாத்”.

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Friday, 7 June 2013

Part 14 - Greatness of Vishnu Sahasranamam - explained by 7 reasons

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In the avatharikai section of Vishnu sahasranama bhasyam, Parasara Battar explains 7 reasons on the importance of Vishnu sahasranamam
1.    Srivishnu Sahasranamam is the essence(Saram) of Mahabharata.
2.    Many great sages like sanagathi rishi's - Vyasa, Vasishta, Bylar, Sunandu, etc., have sung Srivishnu Sahasranamam.
3.    Srivishnu Sahasranamam has been compiled and presented by Vedacharya Sri Vyasa maharshi, who grouped Vedas and who edited 18 puranas.
4.    Srivishnu Sahasranamam was told to Yudhishtra by Bheeshma. Bheesma is considered as Mahatma and Vishnu sahasranamam has  been glorified by Bheesma himself.
5.    Srivishnu Sahasranamam is approved and accepted for chanting by many noble learned persons and our great elders.
6.    Srivishnu Sahasranamam is equivalent to Gita and the content is in line with what Bhagavad Gita, says.  Srivishnu Sahasranamam is an easy way in the path to Moksham.

The first six reasons are well explained in the following slogam.
மஹாபாரதஸாரத்வாத்  ரிஷிபி: பரிகாநத:
வேதாசார்யஸமாஹாராத் பீஷ்மோத்க்ருஷ்டமதத்வத்: |
பரிக்ரஹாதிசயதோ  கீதாத்யைகார்த்தஸ்ச  :
ஸஹஸ்ரநாமாத்யாய  உபாதேயதமோ மத: | 

Also the seventh reason being the following
7.   Kannan ‘s presence when Vishnu sahasranamam was told by Bheesma and Kannan’s acknowledgement  that whatever Bheesma said was correct, explains the greatness of Vishnusahasranamam.

Greatness of a book depends on the following three
- Author – Padinavan - Pramatha
- Title – Pada patta Prabhandam - Pramanam
- Content – Pada patta Vishayam - Prameyam

VishnuSahasranamam’s greatness can be understood because of the greatness of all the above
-          Author – Vedav Vysar
-          Title – Srivishnusahasramam – essence of the fifth veda mahabaratham
-          Content – Guna’s of Srivishnu as explained by Sahasranamam

The above reasons given to illustrate the importance of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram become all the more obvious when we recount the personalities involved in the events that resulted in the stotram. It was no ordinary person's advice that was sought. No ordinary person was seeking the advice, and at no ordinary person's urging was the advice being sought. Bhishma was the son of the Mother Ganga and a person sanctified by his unswerving devotion to Lord Krishna, and one who had controlled and conquered all his senses. Yudhishthira was the son of Dharma, and himself a practitioner of justice, righteousness, truth, honesty and integrity. Vyasa was the knower of all vedas. Lord Krishna was a witness to the whole event involving the advice and revelation of the easiest and best means to achieve happiness and peace of mind, given by Bhishma to Yudhishthira. As we know, the advice is in the form of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram. No other justification is needed to recognize the greatness of the education that is imparted to the human race through the medium of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram by Vyasa and Bhishma.

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Tuesday, 4 June 2013

Part 13 : What for can one recite Vishnusahasranamam ?


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One can reciteVishnu Sahasranamam for various reasons as follows
1 – asking for ivuulaga(Intha Ulaga) aiswaryam - To prosper in this materistic world
2 – asking for avvulaga(antha Ulaga)  aiswaryam –  To help us to work towards attaining the ultimate moksham
3-  yethaiyume prathanai panama,  sollum inbathukaga sollarthu –  Without wishing anything recite for the great happiness of reciting Vishnusahasranamam.  

Battar says when you recite Vishnu sahasranamam,  don’t wish for anything ...”solluvathe prayojanam”.  If one has the oppurtunity to recite Vishnu sahasranamam that is itself a great prayojanam(benefit) of reciting Vishnu sahasranamam.


Thondaradipodi Azhwar wants to continue to say Vishnu Sahasranama .. Indra(moksham) logam aalum achuvai perinum venden… Azhwar wanted to continue to recite bhagwan’s namam by staying in this world and he was not willing to even take up moksham.

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Monday, 3 June 2013

Part 12 : Kali Yuga - Nama Sankeerthanam and Vishnu Sahasranamam

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One of the 18 Puranas is "Vishnu Puranam" and it was  given to us by “Sri Parasara Rishi”.  
(Note – It was after this Rishi’s name Ramanujar names Kurathazhwan’s first son as “Sri Parasara Battar” to fulfill the promise Ramanuja had given to Alavandar. )

Means to Reach GOD in various Yuga’s
Various means to attain GOD( moksham)  in various yuga is explained by Parasara in Vishnupuranam as follows
“Dhyayan Krithe .. Yagnaihi Therthayaam Dwapare Archayan.. 
Yathapnothi Thatapnothi Kalov Sangeerthya Kesavam
 So for various yuga’s the means to attain punya and to reach GOD are as follows..
Thretha yuga -  Dhyanam /Gyana margam
Kretha yuga  - Yagam / Bhakthi Margam
Dwapara yuga - Archanai /Karma Margam
Kali yuga - Namasankeerthanam

Fortunate - Sri, Sudharan and Kali
In the end of Vishnu Puranam, Maithreya wants to know more about Kali Yuga and the following incidence is narrated there.  Once Veda Vyasar was having a bath and a group of maharishi’s had went to meet him to understand more on Kali yuga.  While he was taking bath, in the middle of the muzhukku Vedav Vyasar said three things as follows,  which were answers to the questions which the rishi’s had in the mind. “Sri thathuhu, Sudharan thathuhu, kali thathuhu “

Sri Thathuhu – Men(Purushan) have many rules to follow as per veda. But Women(Sri) just need to follow her husband and correct her husband when he make mistakes and ensure he is on righteous path. E.g Sita followed rama and corrected him too when there was a need. Men have to do many things to achieve punya. For women, the attainment of punya is easy; they only have to serve their husbands.

Sudharan Thathuhu - When compared with the first three varnas, the fourth varna Sudharan has simple rules to follow. He just needs to surrender to GOD. When compared to first three varnas Sudharan has easy rules to surrender.  Same is also told byPIllai lokacharya says “brahmana piranthu naan bayapattu poi irukken” (because of all the rules and rituals that needs to be followed).    The other varnas have to do many things to ensure that dharma is being followed. But for the shudras the path of dharma is simple. They only have to serve the other varnas to acquire punya. Hence, sudharan is bhagyasali of all the three varnas.

Kali Thathuhu – Kali yuga is good in one aspect. In satya yuga one had to do a lot of tapasya to earn some punya. In kali yuga the same punya can be acquired through a little tapasya. The equivalence is like this. Ten years of tapasya in satya yuga are equal to one year of tapasya in treta yuga, one month of tapasya in dvapara yuga and one day of tapasya in kali yuga. In kali yuga  just nama sankeerthanam is enough. Also which takes 1000 years in first yuga , next yuga 10 years, next yuga  10 months, now in kali yuga it  just takes 10 min.  So kali yugam is better since we can get that punya easily which  was very difficult to acquire in previous yuga’s.
For previous yuga's it was gyana marga, bhakthi marga, karma marga. For Kali yuga is complete surrender/Saranagai/Prapatti.

Vyasadeva said that shudras and women are fortunate. If there is a Shudra woman in Kali yuga, then she is the most fortunate of all and hence the answer “Sri thathuhu, Sudharan thathuhu, kali thathuhu “


So in Kali Yuga, Nama sankeerthanam is the only way to acquire punya and to lead us to the path which takes us to moksham.  Next is to understand, how to do this Nama Sankeerthanam in kali yugam.  Vedav Vyasar explains the method of Nama Sankeerthanam, by giving Vishnu Sahasranamam as part of the Ithihasam called Mahabaratham during Dwapara Yuga to enable the people in Kali Yuga to perform Nama sankeerthanam.  

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